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Frosted Branch Angiitis

  • Kanika Aggarwal
  • Aniruddha Agarwal
  • Vishali Gupta
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Primary frosted branch angiitis is characterized by widespread translucent retinal perivascular sheathing of both arterioles and venules in association with variable amount of anterior segment inflammation, vitritis, retinal edema, and visual loss. The exact etiology is unknown although the onset is typically after a multifactorial prodromal illness. An atypical, focal form of frosted branch angiitis may be seen in other causes of intraocular inflammation such as cytomegalovirus retinitis. The condition usually responds well to systemic steroids, rarely needing additional immunosuppressive therapy. The index chapter describes three cases of frosted branch angiitis associated with various clinical conditions.

Keywords

Multiple Sclerosis Systemic Steroid Exact Etiology Intraocular Inflammation Retinal Vasculitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. Al-Mujaini A, Wali UK. Frosted branch angiitis, neuroretinitis as initial ocular manifestation in Behçet disease. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2011;59(3):240–1.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Biswas J, Raizada S, Gopal L, Kumarasamy N, Solomon S. Bilateral frosted branch angiitis and cytomegalovirus retinitis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Indian J Ophthalmol. 1999;47:195–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Kleiner RC, Kaplan HJ, Shakin JL, et al. Acute frosted retinal periphlebitis. AJO. 1988;106:27–34.Google Scholar
  4. Ysasaga JE, Davies J. Frosted branch angiitis with ocular toxoplasmosis. Arch Ophthalmol. 1999;117:1260–1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kanika Aggarwal
    • 1
  • Aniruddha Agarwal
    • 1
  • Vishali Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Eye CenterPost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarhIndia

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