Acute Retinal Pigment Epithelitis

  • Alessandro Invernizzi
Living reference work entry


Acute retinal pigment epithelitis (ARPE) is a rare, transient macular disorder that usually occurs in healthy young adults. The pathogenesis remains unknown but the diseases is characterized by a good prognosis with no need for treatment. A multimodal imaging approach including optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography and Indocyanine green angiography helps in differentiating ARPE from other inflammatory conditions, avoiding useless therapies.


Fluorescein Angiography Good Correct Visual Acuity Macular Area Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Outer Nuclear Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. Baillif S, Wolff B, Paoli V, Gastaud P, Mauget-Faÿsse M. Retinal fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography findings in acute retinal pigment epitheliitis. Retina. 2011;31(6):1156–63.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Chittum ME, Kalina RE. Acute retinal pigment epitheliitis. Ophthalmology. 1987;94:1114–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Cho HJ, Han SY, Cho SW, Lee DW, Lee TG, Kim CG, Kim JW. Acute retinal pigment epitheliitis: spectral-domain optical coherence tomography findings in 18 cases. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014;55(5):3314–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Deutman AF. Acute retinal pigment epitheliitis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1974;78:571–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Friedman MW. Bilateral recurrent acute retinal pigment epitheliitis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1975;79:567–70.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Krill AE, Deutman AF. Acute retinal pigment epithelitis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1972;74:193–205.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Luttrull JK. Acute retinal pigment epitheliitis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1997;123:127–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Staurenghi G, Sadda S, Chakravarthy U, Spaide RF, International Nomenclature for Optical Coherence Tomography (IN•OCT) Panel. Proposed lexicon for anatomic landmarks in normal posterior segment spectral-domain optical coherence tomography: the IN•OCT consensus. Ophthalmology. 2014;121(8):1572–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Uveitis and Ocular Infectious Diseases Service – Eye Clinic, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Science “Luigi Sacco”Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of MilanMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations