Chikungunya and the Eye

  • Padmamalini MahendradasEmail author
Living reference work entry


Chikungunya virus is a single-stranded RNA virus. It causes debilitating disease which is characterized by the presence of fever and joint pains. Ocular manifestations of chikungunya fever include anterior uveitis, viral retinitis, and optic neuritis. Real-time polymerase reaction and chikungunya IgM antibodies are useful to confirm the clinical diagnosis. Since there are no specific antiviral drugs available to treat the chikungunya infection, systemic and ocular manifestations are managed symptomatically. This chapter will highlight the ocular manifestations of chikungunya fever with few case examples.


Retinal Detachment Optic Neuritis Anterior Uveitis Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Ocular Manifestation 
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Suggested Reading

  1. Lalitha P, Rathinam S, Banushree K, Maheshkumar S, Vijayakumar R, Sathe P. Ocular involvement associated with an epidemic outbreak of chikungunya virus infection. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007;144(4):552–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Mahendradas P, Ranganna SK, Shetty R, Balu R, Narayana KM, Babu RB, Shetty BK. Ocular manifestations associated with chikungunya. Ophthalmology. 2008;115(2):287–91.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Mahendradas P, Avadhani K, Shetty R. Chikungunya and the eye: a review. J Ophthalmic Inflamm Inf. 2013;3(1):35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Uveitis and Ocular ImmunologyNarayana Nethralaya Eye HospitalBangaloreIndia

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