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West Nile Virus Chorioretinopathy

  • Rubbia Afridi
  • Mohamed Kamel Soliman
  • Aniruddha Agarwal
  • Quan Dong Nguyen
Living reference work entry

Abstract

West Nile Virus (WNV) infection may cause serious complications such as meningoencephalitis and optic neuritis. The disease prevalence was limited to some areas in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. However, since the past decade, an increasing number of cases of WNV infection have been reported in nonendemic areas such as the United States. WNV-associated chorioretinitis usually involves both eyes and is frequently associated with mild or moderate vitreous inflammation. Chorioretinal involvement is usually multifocal in distribution. In this chapter, ocular and neurological findings of WNV infection are discussed and illustrated.

Keywords

West Nile Virus Optic Neuritis Cystoid Macular Edema West Nile Virus Infection Superior Cerebellar Peduncle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. Bakri SJ, Kaiser PK. Ocular manifestations of West Nile Virus. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2004;15:537–40.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Khairallah M, Ben Yahia S, Ladjimi A, Zeghidi H, Ben Romdhane F, Besbes L, Zaouali S, Messaoud R. Chorioretinal involvement in patients with West Nile virus infection. Ophthalmology. 2004;111:2065–70.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Learned D, Nudleman E, Robinson J, Chang E, Stec L, Faia LJ, Wolfe J, Williams GA. Multimodal imaging of west nile virus chorioretinitis. Retina. 2014;34:2269–74.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Shaikh S, Trese MT. West Nile virus chorioretinitis. Br J Ophthalmol. 2004;88:1599–60.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rubbia Afridi
    • 1
  • Mohamed Kamel Soliman
    • 1
  • Aniruddha Agarwal
    • 2
  • Quan Dong Nguyen
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanley M. Truhlsen Eye InstituteUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye CentrePost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia

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