Living reference work entry


Ocular toxocariasis presents with unilateral visual loss, usually in children. Proximity to pets increases its predisposition due to infection by eggs of the larvae of roundworms. Typically, the posterior segment is involved with significant vitritis and a granuloma involving the periphery or posterior pole. Endophthalmitis is rare in ocular toxocariasis. Visual loss occurs secondarily to tractional retinal detachment. The diagnosis is largely clinical and pars plana vitrectomy produces favorable anatomical and functional outcome.Toxocariasis


Retinal Detachment Optic Neuritis Posterior Pole Epiretinal Membrane Larva Migrans 
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Suggested Reading

  1. Belmont JB, Irvine A, Benson W, et al. Vitrectomy in ocular toxocariasis. Arch Ophthalmol. 1982;100:1912–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Biziorek B, Herbort CP. Ocular toxocariasis. In: Gupta A, Gupta V, Herbort CP, Khairallah M, editors. Uveitis: text and imaging. 1st ed. New Delhi: Jaypee; 2009. p. 682–6.Google Scholar
  3. Molk R. Ocular toxocariasis: a review of literature. Ann Ophthalmol. 1983;15:216–31.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Shields JA. Ocular toxocariasis: a review. Surv Ophthalmol. 1984;28:361–81.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Eye CentrePost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarhIndia

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