Cat Scratch Disease

Living reference work entry


Cat scratch disease is caused by a gram-negative bacillus called Bartonella henselae.

It was originally described as a cause of Parinaud’s oculoglandular syndrome in the late 1880s. However, intraocular involvement was described in 1970.

Systemic symptoms include fever, lymphadenopathy, headache, and cutaneous rush and occur in approximately 70% of patients.

Intraocular involvement is variable. Correct treatment is still debatable. Prognosis is usually good.


Infectious Mononucleosis Ocular Symptom Positive Serology Ocular Finding Febrile Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. Cunningham ET, Koehler JE. Ocular bartonelosis. Am J Ophthalmol. 2000;130:340–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Curi ALL, Machado DO, Heringer G, et al. Ocular manifestation of cat-scratch disease in HIV+ patients. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006;141(2):400–1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Rolain JM, Brouqui P, Koehler JE, et al. Recommendations for treatment of human infections caused by Bartonella species. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2004 Jun;48(6):1921–33.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Solley WA, Martin DF, Newman NJ, et al. Cat-scratch disease-posterior segment manifestations. Ophthalmology. 1999;106:1546–53.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Infectious Diseases – INIOswaldo Cruz Foundation – FIOCRUZRio de JaneiroBrazil

Personalised recommendations