Toxoplasma Retinochoroiditis

  • Aniruddha Agarwal
  • Kanika Aggarwal
  • Pooja Bansal
  • Alessandro Invernizzi
  • Reema Bansal
  • Vishali Gupta
Living reference work entry


Ocular toxoplasmosis is a common cause of infectious posterior uveitis that can be either congenital or acquired. Typical disease presents with retinochoroidal infiltrates, vitreous humor cells and haze, and anterior chamber cells and flare. The hallmark of toxoplasma retinochoroiditis is the presence of whitish lesion adjacent to a pigmented or atrophic scar along with dense vitritis. Ancillary imaging tools such as fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography are very useful in the diagnosis and management of this condition. In the index chapter, several cases of toxoplasma retinochoroiditis along with their follow-up after treatment have been described.


Optical Coherence Tomography Anterior Chamber Optic Neuritis Corneal Edema Posterior Uveitis 
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Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stanley M. Truhlsen Eye InstituteUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  2. 2.Advanced Eye CenterPost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarhIndia
  3. 3.Dr. Rajendra Prasad Center for Ophthalmic SciencesAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Uveitis and Ocular Infectious Diseases Service – Eye Clinic, Department of Biomedical and Clinical ScienceLuigi Sacco Hospital, University of MilanMilanItaly
  5. 5.Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Ophthalmological UnitIRCCS-Cà Granda Foundation – Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of MilanMilanItaly

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