Candida Retinochoroiditis

Living reference work entry


Candida is an important cause of fungal endophthalmitis that can lead to serious blinding complications. Although uncommon in developed countries, it represents an important clinical problem in the developing world due to its potential for significant visual loss despite aggressive therapy. Immunocompromised patients are at a particular risk of developing the disease. Often, long-term therapy with systemic antifungal agents and debulking surgeries such as pars plana vitrectomy may be required in order to salvage vision. The following chapter will discuss the protean clinical course and management of four cases of Candida endophthalmitis.


Mycophenolate Mofetil Fundus Photograph Intravenous Drug Abuse Endogenous Endophthalmitis Anterior Chamber Cell 
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Suggested Reading

  1. Chakrabarti A, Shivaprakash MR, Singh R, Tarai B, George VK, Fomda BA, Gupta A. Fungal endophthalmitis: fourteen years’ experience from a center in India. Retina. 2008;28(10):1400–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Sallam A, Lynn W, McCluskey P, Lightman S. Endogenous Candida endophthalmitis. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2006;4(4):675–85.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Shah CP, McKey J, Spirn MJ, Maguire J. Ocular candidiasis: a review. Br J Ophthalmol. 2008;92(4):466–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Vinekar A, Dogra MR, Avadhani K, Gupta V, Gupta A, Chakrabarti A. Management of recurrent postoperative fungal endophthalmitis. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2014;62(2):136–40.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stanley M. Truhlsen Eye InstituteUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  2. 2.Advanced Eye CenterPost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia
  3. 3.Ocular Imaging Research and Reading CenterOmahaUSA

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