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Bacterial Endophthalmitis

  • Sophia L. Zagora
  • Alex P. Hunyor
  • Peter J. McCluskey
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Bacterial endophthalmitis is an inflammatory reaction of the intraocular fluids and tissues caused by microbial organisms. Bacteria may gain entry into the eye from a corneal or bleb infection, post surgery, from injection or trauma, or hematogenously. Prompt treatment, with intravitreal injection and subsequent vitrectomy (if required), is crucial to maintaining vision. Systems review is crucial to finding common sources of hematogenous spread.

Keywords

Liver Abscess Cystoid Macular Edema Bacterial Endocarditis Vitreous Sample Tricuspid Aortic Valve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

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  2. Dossarps D, Bron AM, Koehrer P, Aho-Glélé LS, et al. Endophthalmitis after intravitreal injections: incidence, presentation, management, and visual outcome. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015;160(1):17–25.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Gupta A, Orlans HO, Hornby SJ, Bowler ICJW. Microbiology and visual outcomes of culture-positive bacterial endophthalmitis in Oxford, UK. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2014;252:1825–30.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Jackson TL, Paraskevopoulos T, Georgalas I. Systematic review of 342 cases of endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis. Surv Ophthalmol. 2014;59:627–35.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophia L. Zagora
    • 1
  • Alex P. Hunyor
    • 1
  • Peter J. McCluskey
    • 1
  1. 1.Save Sight InstituteSydney Eye HospitalSydneyAustralia

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