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Normal Histology of the Uvea

  • Michael Stuntz
  • Aniruddha Agarwal
  • Gerald Christensen
  • Quan Dong Nguyen
Living reference work entry

Abstract

The uveal tract consists of three structures – the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. It is a highly vascular structure with both neuroepithelial and connective tissue elements. In addition, the uveal tissue contains muscle fibers, nerves, and melanocytes that provide a pigmented appearance. The pigmentation of the iris may vary depending upon the ethnicity of the individual. A number of pathological changes may affect the uveal tissue elements resulting in inflammation and tissue damage. Permanent damage to uveal tissue structures may result in complications such as posterior synechiae, ciliary body shutdown, and choroidal atrophy. It is important to be well versed with the histology of the normal uveal tissue to understand the pathophysiology of various uveitic entities. This chapter provides an illustrative overview of the normal histology of the uveal tract.

Keywords

Retinal Pigment Epithelium Ciliary Body Ciliary Muscle Posterior Ciliary Artery Pigment Iris Epithelium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. Fine BS, Yanoff M. Ocular histology: a text and atlas. 2nd ed. New York: Joanna Cotler Books; 1979.Google Scholar
  2. Heegard S, Grossniklaus H. Eye pathology: an illustrated guide. 1st ed. New York: Springer; 2015.Google Scholar
  3. Sassani JW, Yanoff M. Ocular pathology. 6th ed. China: Elsevier; 2009.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Stuntz
    • 1
  • Aniruddha Agarwal
    • 2
  • Gerald Christensen
    • 1
  • Quan Dong Nguyen
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanley M. Truhlsen Eye InstituteUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye CentrePost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia

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