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ST6 N-Acetylgalactosaminide Alpha-2,6-Sialyltransferase 2 (ST6GALNAC2)

  • Shuichi Tsuji
  • Shou Takashima
Reference work entry

Abstract

ST6GalNAc-II is a CMP-sialic acid – N-acetylgalactosaminide α2-6-sialyltransferase (GalNAcα2-6-sialyltransferase) – i.e., transfers sialic acid from CMP-sialic acid (CMP-Sia) to the N-acetylgalactosamine residues of glycoconjugates through an α2,6-linkage. Like other sialyltransferases, ST6GalNAc-II exhibits type II membrane protein topology and is classified into CAZy glycosyltransferase family 29 (Coutinho et al. 2003). From amino acid sequence similarities, substrate specificities, and gene structures, ST6GalNAc-I and ST6GalNAc-II can be classified into one subfamily. ST6GalNAc-I exhibits a broader substrate specificity for GalNAc-O-Ser/Thr, Galβl-3GalNAc-O-Ser/Thr, and NeuAcα2-3Galβl-3GalNAc-O -Ser/Thr (Kurosawa et al. 1994, 2000; Ikehara et al. 1999; Kono et al. 2000; Samyn-Petit et al. 2000; Marcos et al. 2004). On the other hand, ST6GalNAc-II exhibits a narrower substrate specificity using Galβl-3GalNAcαl-O-Ser/Thr and Neu5Acα2-3Galβl-3GalNAcαl-O-Ser/Thr as substrates (Kurosawa et al. 1994, 1996).

Keywords

Mammary Gland Sialic Acid MKN45 Cell Acceptor Substrate Fusion Enzyme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Glycoscience, Tokai UniversityHiratsukaJapan
  2. 2.Laboratory of GlycobiologyThe Noguchi InstituteItabashiJapan

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