Ecology and Cultivation of Marine Oligotrophic Bacteria

  • Darin H. Hayakawa
  • Megan J. Huggett
  • Michael S. Rappé
Reference work entry

Though generally not perceived as an “extreme” environment, the global open ocean is a desert with respect to the organic and inorganic building blocks required to promote the growth of any potential inhabitants. In illuminated surface waters where light energy available for photosynthesis abounds, thermal stratification of the water column results in the constant starvation of (primarily microscopic) photoautotrophs for inorganic nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus. In the dark ocean interior, inorganic nutrients are generally in excess; however, organic carbon compounds are in short supply, and the stocks that are present are generally considered to be inaccessible as substrates to sustain active cell growth and metabolism. In spite of all of this, massive populations of microscopic cells abound in the global open ocean. Assessments based on gene- and genome-based measures have revealed a tremendous amount of diversity within the microbial plankton, but also that a vast...


Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Oxygen Minimum Zone Bacterioplankton Community Dissolve Organic Carbon Pool North Pacific Subtropical Gyre 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Darin H. Hayakawa
    • 1
  • Megan J. Huggett
    • 1
  • Michael S. Rappé
    • 1
  1. 1.Hawaii Institute of Marine BiologySchool of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at ManoaKaneoheUSA

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