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Ecological Distribution of Microorganisms in Terrestrial, Psychrophilic Habitats

  • Bronwyn M. Kirby
  • Desiré Barnard
  • I. Marla Tuffin
  • Don A. Cowan

Introduction

Low temperature environments, and particularly those in polar regions, have long been a source of fascination for explorers, naturalists, and scientists. The remoteness and apparent severity of these regions continues to draw attention from scientists and nonscientists alike: the biological scientists are particularly attracted by the scope for investigating biological processes at the margins of the “biological envelope.” Issues such as long-term survival of microbial cells (in ice cores), the structure and function of cryptic lithic communities, and the ability of organisms to adapt to temperatures approaching the freezing point of CO2 all contribute to the fascination of this field of study.

There has been much discussion in past literature on the most appropriate terminology for the classification of organisms inhabiting cold environments: the terms “psychrotroph,” “psychrophile,” “psychrotolerant,” and “cold-active” are all used to imply the ability to survive and...

Keywords

Antarctic Peninsula Arctic Tundra Tundra Soil Alpine Tundra Antarctic Soil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bronwyn M. Kirby
    • 1
  • Desiré Barnard
    • 1
  • I. Marla Tuffin
    • 1
  • Don A. Cowan
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Microbial Biotechnology and MetagenomicsUniversity of the Western CapeBellville, Cape TownSouth Africa

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