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Contributions of Large-Scale DNA Sequencing Efforts to the Understanding of Low Temperature Piezophiles

  • Douglas H. Bartlett
  • Ian Kerman
Reference work entry

Introduction

Pressure is an important environmental thermodynamic parameter that influences chemical equilibria and kinetics both inside and outside of organisms. Within the known biosphere, pressure extends three orders of magnitude from atmospheric pressure (1 atmosphere = 0.101325 megapascals [MPa]) at sea level to 90–110 MPa in the deepest ocean trenches. In stratified waters, deep-sea microbial communities display optimal productivity at in situ pressure (Tamburini et al. 2009). However, pressure effects on microbes are complex. Seawater microcosm studies indicate that even moderate pressures (40 MPa) can effect growth and cell size in a species-specific fashion (Grossart and Gust 2009). In this chapter, the focus is on high-throughput sequence analyses of microbial communities and species with a particular focus on the ribosome. Those interested in learning more about the phylogenetics and adaptations of low-temperature, piezophilic (high-pressure-adapted) microbes should...

Keywords

Particulate Organic Carbon High Hydrostatic Pressure Metagenomic Data Comparison Strain Pressure Adaptation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

D.H. Bartlett is grateful to the National Science Foundation for support (EF0827051 and EF0801973).

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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marine Biology Research DivisionCenter for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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