Distribution and Diversity of Soda Lake Alkaliphiles

  • William D. Grant
  • Dimitry Yu. Sorokin

Genesis of Soda Lakes

Soda lakes and soda deserts are the most stable naturally occurring alkaline environments on earth, where pH values of 10 and above are common. As the name implies, these environments are characterized by large amounts of soda (sodium carbonate, or complexes of this salt), formed by evaporative concentration (Grant 1992; Jones and Grant 2000). Other salts, especially sodium chloride may also concentrate leading to the formation of alkaline saline lakes. Although soda lakes have a worldwide distribution ( Table 2.2.1), they are mainly confined to subtropical latitudes in continental interiors or rain-shadow zones.
Table 2.2.1

Worldwide distribution of soda lakes and soda deserts

North America


Lake Manito

United States

Alkali Valley, Albert Lake, Lake Lenore, Soap Lake, Big Soda Lake, Owens Lake, Mono Lake, Searles Lake, Deep Springs, Rhodes, Marsh, Harney Lake, Summer Lake, Surprise Valley, Pyramid Lake, Walker Lake

Central America


Lake Texcoco



Rift Valley Soda Lake Hypersaline Environment Mono Lake Hypersaline Lake 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • William D. Grant
    • 1
  • Dimitry Yu. Sorokin
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Infection, Immunity and InflammationWinogradsky Institute of Microbiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, University of LeicesterLeicesterUK
  2. 2.Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Department of BiotechnologyDelft University of TechnologyBC DelftThe Netherlands

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