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Genetics and Genomics of Triangular Disc-Shaped Halophilic Archaeon Haloarcula japonica Strain TR-1

  • Satoshi Nakamura
  • Kaoru Nakasone
  • Tomonori Takashina

The extremely halophilic archaea often exhibit unusual morphologies. Some cells may take a ribbon shape, a disk shape, or occasionally a square or triangular shape (Grant and Larsen 1989a; Grant and Larsen 1989b; Grant and Larsen 1989c). Square halophilic microbes have been observed in naturally occurring brines (Walsby 1980), and box-shaped halophilic microbes have also been isolated from Californian salterns (Javor et al. 1982). The square morphology, however, had not been convincingly demonstrated in the laboratory. The extremely halophilic archaea are now divided into 27 genera. The genus Haloarcula contains a number of pleomorphic isolates (Grant and Larsen 1989b). Thus, the square microbes described so far are likely to be Haloarcula spp. Recently, two square halophilic archaea were cultured, isolated, and taxonomically identified (Oren et al. 1999; Bolhuis et al. 2004). One of them actually belongs to the genus Haloarcula.

In the course of screening a large number of samples...

Keywords

Acidic Amino Acid Cell Surface Glycoprotein Halophilic Archaea High Salt Condition Basal Transcription Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satoshi Nakamura
    • 1
  • Kaoru Nakasone
    • 2
  • Tomonori Takashina
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BioengineeringTokyo Institute of TechnologyYokohama-shiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology and ChemistryKinki UniversityHigashi-Hiroshima-shiJapan
  3. 3.Department of Applied BiosciencesToyo UniversityOura-gunJapan

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