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Alkaline Enzymes in Current Detergency

  • Susumu Ito

Various enzymes are widely used in industrial fields such as detergent, food, and feed production; leather and textile processing; pharmaceutical production; diagnostics; and waste management. The largest world market for industrial enzymes is the detergent industry. Detergent enzymes account for approximately 30–40% of the total worldwide enzyme production except for diagnostic and therapeutic enzymes. Alkaline enzymes, such as protease, α-amylase, cellulase (endo-1,4-β-glucanase), mannanase and lipase, are incorporated into heavy-duty laundry and dishwashing detergents (Ito et al. 1998; Horikoshi 1999). Most of the alkaline enzymes for detergents were first found by Horikoshi between the 1960s and 1980s. Owing to his discovery of the world of alkaliphiles, detergents containing such alkaline enzymes have been expanded worldwide and established their importance and necessity in the detergent industry.

In 1959, the first detergent that contained a bacterial protease appeared on the...

Keywords

Alkaline Protease Catalytic Triad Alkaliphilic Bacillus Alkaline Serine Protease Alkaline Enzyme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Bioscience and BiotechnologyUniversity of the RyukyusNishihara-choJapan

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