Genomics and Evolution of Alkaliphilic Bacillus Species

Reference work entry

A great number of aerobic endospore-forming Gram-positive Bacillus species have been isolated on a number of occasions from a variety of terrestrial and deep-sea environments, including the Mariana Trench, which has a depth of 10,897 m (Takami et al. 1997). Some of these Bacullus species are known to have various capabilities for adapting to extreme environments. In fact, Bacillus-related species can grow in a wide range of environments – at pH 2–12, at temperatures between 5°C and 78°C, in salinity from 0% to 30% NaCl, and under pressures from 0.1 Mpa to at least 30 Mpa. We are now exploring how these adaptive capabilities, as reflected in their genomes, were acquired and what intrinsic genomic structures are present in Bacillus-related species that have allowed them to adapt to such a wide range of environments. To answer these questions, especially for adaptation mechanisms to alkaline environments, we initiated a genome sequencing project in early 1998 and determined the entire...


Insertion Sequence Orthologous Relationship Target Site Duplication Alkaliphilic Bacillus Polyglutamic Acid 


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© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Microbial Genome Research GroupInstitute of Biogeosciences, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)YokosukaJapan

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