Advertisement

Introduction of Water Source Heat Pump System

Living reference work entry

Abstract

A Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) system is a type of energy system that usually consumes electricity to provide cooling and heating in buildings. Its most outstanding feature is the use of ground resources, which distinguishes GSHPs from other heat pump systems. A GSHP may be considered as a “green” system, mainly because of its use of geothermal energy that, as a type of renewable energy, has enormous potential for reducing CO2 emissions and fossil fuel consumption. In general, a higher system performance may be achieved by using a GSHP system compared with an air source heat pump system because of the relatively small temperature variation of the ground compared with the ambient air. In a typical GSHP system there are several main components, including indoor distribution systems and ground source heat exchangers using the ground as a heat sink/source. The role of indoor distribution systems is to handle building cooling and heating loads by absorbing room heat gains or providing heat to rooms through indoor heat pump units. The thermal energy carried by heat pumps is distributed to the ground through ground source heat exchangers buried underground or to the building through pipes/ducts.

In this chapter, in-depth discussions regarding GSHP systems are presented, including the topics of geothermal resources, ground source heat exchangers, indoor distribution systems, heat storage technologies of GSHP systems, and the associated economics and environmental impacts. Additionally, the latest concepts, designs, and technologies for GSHPs are covered.

Keywords

Water source heat pump WSHP Ground water heat pump GWHP Surface water heat pump SWHP Seawater source heat pump Sewage source heat pump Water tank PCM 

References

  1. 1.
    Gao J, Wang X (2003) Energy saving principle and system design of water source heat pump. J North China Univ Technol 15(1):60–63Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jiang N (1997) Heat pump technology for air conditioning and its application. Mach Ind Press 1(1):2–3Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chen H (2007) Study on applicability of water source heat pump. Chang’an University, pp 14–15Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yang H (2014) Development and application of water source heat pump in urban cooling and heating. District Heating 1(3):57–60Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Xu W (2011) Ground source heat pump technical manual. China Building Industry Press, pp 3-4Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ding Z (2014) Principle and application of water source heat pump. Struct Equip Instal 1(4):25–28Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cao Z (2011) Analysis on characteristics and development prospect of water source heat pump technology. Clean Air Cond Technol 1(4):43–44Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ding Z (2012) Principle and application of water source heat pump. Struct Equip Instal 1(4):25–28Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sun Q (2007) Development status and tendency of water source heat pump technology at home and abroad. J Jiamusi Univ (Natural Science Edition) 25(3):433–434Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yang S (2004) Water source heat pump and energy saving. Reason Energy Technol 1(5):23–26Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Qiang TW, Yang J (2015) Discussion on surface water source heat pump system. Clean Air Cond Technol 1(4):47–50Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ma Z, Lu Y (2013) Design and application of ground source heat pump system. Machinery Industry Press, pp 48–49Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ma Z, Yao Y (2008) Heating ventilating & air conditioning technology. China Building Industry Press, pp 36–37Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ma Z, Lu Y (2007) Design and application of ground source heat pump system. Machinery Industry Press, pp 32–36Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhang J, Ma L (2009) Research progress of sewage water intake, decontamination and heat transfer technology of sewage source heat pump air conditioning system. HVAC 39(7):41–47Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Di J (2009) Discussion on urban sewage treatment. Sci Tech Inf Dev Econ 19(31):102–103Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yu H, Liu J, Xiao T (2015) Application of sewage source heat pump technology in urban residential heating. Urban Geol 10(4):21–24Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ma Z, Yao Y, Zhao L (2003) Heat pump technology for air application prospect of sewage source heat pump system. China Water Supply Drain 19(7):41–43Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhang XY, Xin B (2011) Research progress of groundwater pollution in China. Earth Environ 39(3):415–422Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhao H (2012) Analysis on recharge capability of groundwater source heat pump system. Hydrology 32(3):60–65Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chen X (2006) The study on the operating characteristics and operation optimization of surface water heat pump systems. Hunan UniversityGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhang L (2004) Study on suction and optimal operation of pumping station near river with broad water level variation in the river. Wuhan UniversityGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ma Z, Lu Y (2014) The design and application for ground source heat pump, 2nd edn. China Machine Press, Beijing, p 141Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang J (2007) Application status and problems of surface water heat pumps for the present. Refrig Air Cond Electric Power Mach 06:73–77Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Song Y, Ma H, Fan R, Long W (2010) Application and analysis on closed loop surface water heat pump system. Build Sci 12:54–58. +63Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhang N (2010) Surface water source heat pump and thermal storage technology integrated application. Chongqing UniversityGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ni J, Ye L (2014) The application and analysis for water intake technology of surface water source heat pump system. Energy Conserv 10:46–49. +3Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yao Y (2008) HVAC heat pump technology. China architecture and building pressGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    (1986) Ningbo maritime school series oceanography. Beijing Ocean PressGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Yu T (2015) Application of water source heat pump system in Dalian area. Doors & Windows 01Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wu J (2009) Percolation water technology in the application of sea water source heat pump system. Tianjin University 8Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Huang Y (2015) Discussion on sewage-source heat pump technology. Technology and Enterprise 6Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Yan G (2011) Study on design of sewage source heat pump system and improvement of sewage heat exchanger. Tianjin UniversityGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Liu X (2011) The related equipment heat transfer research of sea water source heat pump system. Tianjin UniversityGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Yaoqing L (2007) Practical heating air conditioning manual (the second edition). China Architecture & Building PressGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Wei Xu (2013) The development report of ground source heat pump in China (2013). China Architecture & Building PressGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Yang S (2010) Research of heat transfer characteristics for energy storage heat exchanger in heat pump water heater. Huanan Ligong UniversityGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Han J (2013) Application of thermal energy storage technology for heating in the building. Urban Constr Theory Res, pp 14–16Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zhou C (2014) Applied research of phase change heat storage in the heat pump air conditioning system. Tianjin Shangye UniversityGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Xia L (2011) Development of composite phase change energy storage material and research of heat physical phenomena in latent thermal energy storage. Shanghai Jiaotong UniversityGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Chen W, Guo X, Zhao L, Zhang T (1999) Experimental study on the phase change features of mixed organic material. J Sol Energy 4:426–431Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Zhang R (2015) Design and analysis of energy supply system in China-Germany demonstration center of ultra-low power consumption. Shenyang Jianzhu UniversityGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Kang L (2011) Performance study of floor heating system with ground source heat pump and phase change energy storage. Hebei Gongcheng UniversityGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Wang F, Zheng M, Li Z (2006) The applications of phase change materials in the solar – ground source heat pump system. J Sol Energy 12:1231–1234Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Xia X, Shan R, Shi T (2015) The design and practice of green building with ultra-low power consumption in cold region. Shenyang Jianzhu UniversityGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Cao C (2015) The optimization analysis of the double source heat pump based on phase change energy storage. Shenyang Jianzhu UniversityGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shui Yu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Municipal and Environment EngineeringShenyang Jianzhu UniversityHunnan New District, Shenyang CityChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Shugang Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Infrastructure EngineeringDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

Personalised recommendations