Encyclopedia of Membranes

2016 Edition
| Editors: Enrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno

Liquid Chromatography: Organic Carbon Detection (LC-OCD)

  • Loreen O. Villacorte
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44324-8_714

Liquid chromatography – organic carbon detection (LC-OCD) is an analytical technique for identification and quantification of natural organic matter (NOM) constituents in aquatic environments and water-soluble synthetic organic matter in technical waters. This technique has several specific applications including NOM investigation in drinking water, wastewater, and marine waters and quality control monitoring of ultrapure water used in power plants and the semiconductor industry (Huber and Frimmel 1994; Huber et al. 2011). It is widely applied in membrane-based water treatment to characterize the different NOM constituents in the source waters (e.g., Kennedy et al. 2005; Amy et al. 2011; Villacorte et al. 2012), to assess the organic removal efficiency of pretreatment and membrane filtration processes (e.g., Frimmel et al. 2004; Villacorte et al. 2009, 2010; Huang et al. 2011; Zheng et al. 2010), and to identify the NOM constituents that cause fouling in MF/UF and NF/RO systems (e.g.,...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FMC TechnologiesSeparation Innovation and Research CenterArnhemThe Netherlands