Liquid Chromatography: Organic Carbon Detection (LC-OCD)
Liquid chromatography – organic carbon detection (LC-OCD) is an analytical technique for identification and quantification of natural organic matter (NOM) constituents in aquatic environments and water-soluble synthetic organic matter in technical waters. This technique has several specific applications including NOM investigation in drinking water, wastewater, and marine waters and quality control monitoring of ultrapure water used in power plants and the semiconductor industry (Huber and Frimmel 1994; Huber et al. 2011). It is widely applied in membrane-based water treatment to characterize the different NOM constituents in the source waters (e.g., Kennedy et al. 2005; Amy et al. 2011; Villacorte et al. 2012), to assess the organic removal efficiency of pretreatment and membrane filtration processes (e.g., Frimmel et al. 2004; Villacorte et al. 2009, 2010; Huang et al. 2011; Zheng et al. 2010), and to identify the NOM constituents that cause fouling in MF/UF and NF/RO systems (e.g.,...
- Amy GL, Salinas-Rodriguez SG, Kennedy MD, Schippers JC, Rapenne S, Remize P-J, Barbe C, Manes CLDO, West NJ, Lebaron P, Kooij DVD, Veenendaal H, Schaule G, Petrowski K, Huber S, Sim LN, Ye Y, Chen V, Fane AG (2011) Water quality assessment tools. In: Drioli E, Criscuoli A, Macedonio F (eds) Membrane-based desalination – an integrated approach (MEDINA). IWA Publishing, New York, pp 3–32Google Scholar
- DOC-Labor (2006) LC-OCD – Liquid chromatography Organic Carbon Detection. Information Brochure 1/2006Google Scholar
- Frimmel FH, Saravia F, Gorenflo A (2004) NOM removal from different raw waters by membrane filtration. Water Sci Technol Water Supply 4:165–174Google Scholar
- Villacorte LO, Ekowati Y, Winters H, Amy GL, Schippers JC, Kennedy MD (2012) Characterisation of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) produced during algal bloom: a membrane treatment perspective. Desalin Water Treat. doi:10.1080/19443994.2012.699359Google Scholar