Encyclopedia of Membranes

2016 Edition
| Editors: Enrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno

Filler in Membranes

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44324-8_313

Synonyms

 Inorganic fillers

Composite perfluorosulfonic acid membranes containing different types of inorganic fillers such as hygroscopic oxides, surface-modified oxides, zeolites, inorganic proton conductors, etc. have shown an increased conductivity with respect to the bare perfluorosulfonic membranes at high temperature (Aricò et al. 1998, 2003). The presence of hygroscopic inorganic oxides inside the composite membrane besides extending the operation of perfluorosulfonic membranes (e.g., Nafion®;) in the high-temperature range reduces the crossover effects by increasing the “tortuosity factor” in the permeation path. Such effects are particularly serious at high temperature in DMFC systems. An appropriate tailoring of the surface chemistry in these nanoparticles is a key step to enhance water retention at high temperature. Composite recast Nafion®; membranes containing inorganic fillers have been employed in high-temperature (~150 °C) direct alcohol (Aricò et al. 1998) and H2-air...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Aricò AS, Cretì P, Antonucci PL, Antonucci V (1998) Comparison of ethanol and methanol oxidation in a liquid-feed solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell at high temperature. Electrochem Solid-State Lett 1:66–68Google Scholar
  2. Aricò AS, Baglio V, Di Blasi A, Creti P, Antonucci PL, Antonucci V (2003) Influence of the acid–base characteristics of inorganic fillers on the high temperature performance of composite membranes in direct methanol fuel cells. Solid State Ionics 161:251–265Google Scholar
  3. Ren X, Wilson MS, Gottesfeld S (1996) High performance direct methanol polymer electrolyte fuel cells. J Electrochem Soc 143:L12Google Scholar
  4. Watanabe M, Uchida H, Seki Y, Emori M, Stonehart P (1996) Self-humidifying polymer electrolyte membranes for fuel cells. J Electrochem Soc 143:3847Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNR-ITAE InstituteMessinaItaly