Encyclopedia of Membranes

2016 Edition
| Editors: Enrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno

Fixed Bed Catalytic Reactor

  • Fausto Gallucci
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44324-8_230

The fixed bed (or packed bed) membrane reactor configuration is the first and most studied configuration for membrane reactors. This is because the first studies on membrane reactors focused on the effect of the gas permeation through membranes on the reaction system (which is often a conventional packed bed reactor).

In a packed bed membrane reactor, the catalyst is confined in fixed bed configuration, and it is in contact with a permselective membrane. The most used packed bed configuration is the tubular one where the catalyst may be packed either in the membrane tube or in the shell side, while the permeation stream is collected in the other side of the membrane (in the case of hydrogen-selective membranes) or one reactant is feed on the other side of the membrane (in the case of oxygen-selective membrane).

For multitubular membrane reactor configurations, the catalyst in tube configuration can be preferred especially for construction reason and for the extent of bed-to-wall mass...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Buxbaum RE (2002) Patent US20026461408Google Scholar
  2. Gallucci F, Van Sint Annaland M, Kuipers JAM (2010) Theoretical comparison of packed bed and fluidized bed membrane reactors for methane reforming. Int J Hydrog Energy 35:7142–7150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Peters TA, Stange M, Klette H, Bredesen R (2008) High pressure performance of thin Pd-23%Ag/stainless steel composite membranes in water gas shift gas mixtures; influence of dilution, mass transfer and surface effects on the hydrogen flux. J Membr Sci 316(1–2):119–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Smit J, Bekink GJ, Van Sint Annaland M, Kuipers JAM (2005) A reverse flow catalytic membrane reactor for the production of syngas: an experimental study. Int J Chem React Eng 3Google Scholar
  5. Tosti S, Basile A, Bettinali L, Borgognoni F, Gallucci F, Rizzello C (2008) Design and process study of Pd membrane reactors. Int J Hydrog Energy 33(19):5098–5105CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical Process Intensification, Department of Chemical Engineering and ChemistryEindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands