Encyclopedia of Membranes

2016 Edition
| Editors: Enrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno

Fenton Test

  • P. Knauth
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44324-8_226

Fenton’s reagent was developed in the 1890s by Henry John Horstman Fenton as an analytical reagent (Fenton and Jones 1900). It is a solution of hydrogen peroxide and an iron catalyst. Iron(II) sulfate is a typical iron compound in Fenton’s reagent.

The mechanism mostly accepted today, suggested by Haber and Weiss in the 1930s (Haber and Weiss 1932), is that iron(II) is oxidized by hydrogen peroxide to iron(III), a hydroxyl radical and a hydroxide anion (reaction 1):
$$ {\mathrm{Fe}}^{2+} + {\mathrm{H}}_2{\mathrm{O}}_2\to\ {\mathrm{Fe}}^{3+} + \mathrm{O}\mathrm{H}\cdotp + {\mathrm{O}\mathrm{H}}^{-} $$
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References

  1. Fenton HJH, Jones HO (1900) The oxidation of organic acids in presence of ferrous iron part I. J Chem Soc 77:69–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Haber F, Weiss J (1932) On the catalysis of hydroperoxide. Naturwissenschaften 20:948–950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Madirel UMR 7246, Aix Marseille University-CNRSMarseille CedexFrance