Encyclopedia of Membranes

2016 Edition
| Editors: Enrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno

Feed Pressure

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44324-8_225

Membrane operations, for instance, membrane reactors, membrane gas separators, membrane contactors, membrane emulsifiers, membrane crystallizers, reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, etc. as well the more conventional unit operations, like reactors, distillation columns, adsorbers, absorbers, liquid-liquid extractors, filters, pipelines, etc., are fed by a stream entering the unit. The pressure of this stream (to be treated by the unit operation) at the entering section of each unit operation is defined as feed pressure.

A further specification is required for membrane systems. Often, an auxiliary stream named “sweep” is fed to the membrane unit. This stream is characterized by a different pressure named “sweep pressure”; this pressure cannot be referred to as “feed pressure.”

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute on Membrane TechnologyNational Research Council of Italy, ITM-CNRRendeItaly