Encyclopedia of Membranes

2016 Edition
| Editors: Enrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno

Fluxes and Driving Forces in Membrane Separation Processes

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44324-8_2197
The transport rate of a component through a membrane is determined by the permeability of the membrane and by the driving force. Generally, the flux through a membrane can be described by
$$ \mathrm{J}=-P\frac{dX}{dz} $$
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References

  1. Strathmann H (2001) Membrane separation processes: current relevance and future opportunities. AICHE J 47:1077–1087CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Separation Membranes and Membrane Processes, School of Materials Science and EngineeringTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina