Encyclopedia of Membranes

2016 Edition
| Editors: Enrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno

LTA Zeolite Membranes

  • Yanshuo Li
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44324-8_1276
LTA zeolite membrane is one of the most well-studied zeolite membranes for the separation of light gases and dewatering of organics. LTA (Linde type A) zeolite has a three-dimensional pore structure, consisting of secondary building units (SBUs) 4, 6, 8, and 4-4 (Meier et al.). An example material is NaA zeolite (Linde type A sodium form) with chemical formula of Na 12Al 12Si 12O 48 · 27H 2O. The unit cell of NaA zeolite is cubic ( a = 24.61 Å) with Fm-3c symmetry. The pore diameter of NaA zeolite is defined by an eight-member oxygen ring with size around 4.3 Å. Generally, LTA zeolite membranes exist in the form of composite membranes, for which porous ceramic supports, typically alumina tubes, are usually used as substrates. The effective LTA zeolite separating layer is usually in the thickness of several microns (Fig. 1).
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References

  1. Li YS (2008) Microwave synthesis of zeolite membranes: a review. J Membr Sci 316:3–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Meier WM, Olson DH, Baerlocher C, Atlas of zeolite structure types, ISBN-13: 978-0444100153, Excerpta MedicaGoogle Scholar
  3. Van Hoof V et al (2004) Economic comparison between azeotropic distillation and different hybrid systems combining distillation with pervaporation for the dehydration of isopropanol. Sep Purif Technol 37:33–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of CatalysisDalian Institute of Chemical Physics, CASDalianChina