Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

2015 Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII, Daniele L. Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Daniel Rouan, Tilman Spohn, Stéphane Tirard, Michel Viso

Radio Astronomy and Radio Telescopes, History of

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44185-5_729

History

During the second half of the nineteenth century, the electromagnetic theories of James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879) and the experiments of Heinrich Hertz (1857–1894) permitted scientists to consider the possibility of an emission of radio waves by the stars or the Sun. According to the German physicist Hermann Ebert (1861–1913) in 1892, the observation of electric discharges in vacuum tubes were conducted to investigate the possible existence of Hertzian (radio) waves emitted by the Sun. Admitting the validity of Maxwell’s theory, the French physicist Charles Nordmann (1881–1940) was convinced that high-altitude observations might succeed in detecting those solar radio waves. But despite using a 175-m antenna placed almost at the top of Mont Blanc, he detected no waves because of a lack of sensitivity.

The detection of “cosmic static”, i.e., radio waves of extraterrestrial origin, was made for the first time by the American radio engineer Karl Guthe Jansky (1905–1950) in 1932....

Keywords

Atacama Large Array Millimeter (ALMA) Cosmic background radiation Interstellar chemistry Interstellar medium Molecules in space Radio astronomy Radio telescope Very large base interferometry 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Further Reading

  1. Encrenaz P (1971) Les molecules interstellaire. J Phys Colloque (Supplement 10) 32(C5):C5a-143Google Scholar
  2. Grote R (1988) A play entitled The beginning of radio astronomy. J R Astron Soc Can 82(3):93–106Google Scholar
  3. Kellerman KI, Orchiston W, Slee B (2005) Gordon James Stanley and the early development of radio astronomy in Australia and the United States. Publ Astron Soc Aust 22:13–23CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Mulkay MJ, Edge DO (1976) Cognitive, technical and social factors in the growth of radio astronomy. In: Gerard L, MacLeod R, Mulkay M, Weingart P, Mouton & Co (eds) Perspectives on the emergence of scientific disciplines. The Hague and Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris. Aldine, Chicago, pp 153–186Google Scholar
  5. Steinberg J-L (2004a) Les 50 ans de Nançay. L’Astronomie 118:5–9Google Scholar
  6. Steinberg J-L (2004b) La création de la station de Nançay. L’Astronomie 118:626–631Google Scholar
  7. Steinberg J-L (2006) Les débuts de la recherché spatiale en radioastronomie. L’Astronomie 120:488–495Google Scholar
  8. Vallée JP (1982) Cinquante années de radioastronomie: progress, découvertes et avenir. J R Astron Soc Can 76(1):1–18MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Vanden B, Paul A (2004) Origins of the ALMA project in the scientific visions of the North American, European, and Japanese astronomical communities. In: Wilson A (ed) Proceedings of the dusty and molecular universe: a prelude to Herschel and ALMA. Paris, 27–29 Oct 2004Google Scholar
  10. Wielebinski R (1997) The development of radio astronomy from metre to sub-mm wavelengths. Acta Cosmologica Fasc 23–2:53–58ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Wielebinski R (2000) Early radio continuum observations of M3. In: Berkhuijsen EM, Rainer B, Rene Walterbos AM (eds) The interstellar medium in M31 and M33, Proceedings 232. WE-Heraeus Seminar, Shaker, Aachen. Bad Honnef, Germany. 22–25 May 2000Google Scholar
  12. Wielebinski R (2004) The history of radio continuum surbeys. In: Uyaniker B, Reich W, Wielebinski R (eds) The magnetized interstellar medium, proceedings of the conference, held in Antalya, Turkey Copernicus GmbH, Katlenburg-Lindau, 8–12 Sept 2003, pp 241–244Google Scholar
  13. Wild JP (1987) The beginnings of radio astronomy in Australia. Proc Astron Soc Aust 7:95–102ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre François VièteUniversité de NantesNantesFrance