Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

2015 Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII, Daniele L. Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Daniel Rouan, Tilman Spohn, Stéphane Tirard, Michel Viso

RNA Polymerase

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44185-5_5177

Synonyms

Definition

RNA polymerase is an enzyme which catalyzes the addition of a ribonucleoside triphosphate to the 3′ – end of a RNA strand using a template. The systematic name of this enzymatic activity is nucleoside triphosphate-RNA nucleotidyltransferase, and the catalyzed reaction can be represented as
$$ \mathrm{nucleoside}\ \mathrm{triphosphate}+{\mathrm{RNA}}_n=\mathrm{diphosphate}+{{\mathrm{RNA}}_n}_{+1} $$
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Cavanilles de Biodiversitat i Biologia Evolutiva, Universitat de ValènciaValènciaSpain