Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

2015 Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII, Daniele L. Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Daniel Rouan, Tilman Spohn, Stéphane Tirard, Michel Viso

Chronological History of Life on Earth

  • Muriel Gargaud
  • Francis Albarède
  • Nicholas Arndt
  • Carlos Briones
  • Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII
  • Matthieu Gounelle
  • Emmanuelle J. Javaux
  • Daniele L. Pinti
  • Sean N. Raymond
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44185-5_5072

The following 22 pages form a table and should be read even page numbers on the left and odd page numbers on the right.

The online version of this chapter doi: ( 10.1007/978-3-662-44185-5_5072) contains this table in form of a poster as Supplementary Material, which is available to authorized users via a link.



Age (BP)





Comments about these events

Dating methods

Relevant observations


Consequence for the origin of life and evolution

Referenced entries


Later evolution of Earth and Life (2.2–0.54 Ga)

542–520 Ma


Large morphological diversification of metazoans (pluricellular Eukaryotes)


Burgess Pass (Canada) and Chengjiang (china) fauna

Well-documented, many fossils

Numerous new species and animal body plans, including worms, arthropods, sponges

 Burgess shale fauna;  Chengjiang fauna;  Eukarya;  Evolution (biological);  Biodiversity

542 Ma


First major biological crisis among Eukaryotes

Extinction of soft body fauna

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Supplementary material

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muriel Gargaud
    • 1
  • Francis Albarède
    • 2
  • Nicholas Arndt
    • 3
  • Carlos Briones
    • 4
  • Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
  • Matthieu Gounelle
    • 9
  • Emmanuelle J. Javaux
    • 10
  • Daniele L. Pinti
    • 11
  • Sean N. Raymond
    • 12
  1. 1.CNRS-Universite de Bordeaux, Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de BordeauxFloiracFrance
  2. 2.Ecole Normale Supérieure de LyonLyonFrance
  3. 3.ISTerreUniversité Grenoble AlpesGrenobleFrance
  4. 4.Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC/INTA)Consejo Superior de Investigaciones CientíficasMadridSpain
  5. 5.Earth–Life Science Institute (ELSI), Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro–kuTokyoJapan
  6. 6.Institute for Advanced StudyPrincetonUSA
  7. 7.Blue Marble Space Institute of ScienceWashingtonUSA
  8. 8.Center for Chemical EvolutionGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  9. 9.Laboratoire de Minéralogie et Cosmochimie du Muséum (LMCM) MNHN USM 0205 - CNRS UMR 7202Muséum National d’Histoire NaturelleParisFrance
  10. 10.Palaeobiogeology-Palaeobotany-Palaeopalynology, Geology DepartmentUniversité de LiègeLiègeBelgium
  11. 11.GEOTOP Research Center for Geochemistry and GeodynamicsUniversité du Québec à MontréalMontréalCanada
  12. 12.Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Bordeaux, CNRSUniversite de BordeauxBordeauxFrance