Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

2015 Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII, Daniele L. Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Daniel Rouan, Tilman Spohn, Stéphane Tirard, Michel Viso


  • Michel Viso
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44185-5_1790



The Russian Space Agency was formed on February 25, 1992, succeeding the organizations involved in the development of the space activities in the Russian federation since 1989. In the early years, the role of the agency was counterbalanced by the authority of various companies, centers, and industries.

Building on past successes of the Soviet era in space, Roskosmos is now in charge of the manned space program and the development of the new rockets (Angara) as well as the improvement of existing ones (Soyuz and Proton). Since the retirement of the US space shuttles, the Russian Soyuz spacecraft are standing as the only means to send and retrieve astronauts and cosmonauts to and from the International Space Station ( ISS). The Russian Progress spacecraft remain the most regular provider of freight to the ISS.

The Russian federal space program includes also the development of satellites and missions of interest for astrobiology. For...

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNES/DSP/SMEVétérinaire/DVM, Astro/ExobiologyParisFrance