Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

2015 Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII, Daniele L. Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Daniel Rouan, Tilman Spohn, Stéphane Tirard, Michel Viso

Radiative Processes

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44185-5_1335

Definition

The expression “radiative processes” encompasses all the various physical processes by which a medium releases energy in the form of  electromagnetic radiation. At the microscopic level, this involves the emission of a photon by an elementary particle, as the result of specific interactions with other particles or particular conditions of temperature, acceleration, and/or excitation. Several radiative processes producing  continuum emission can be identified: on one side, blackbody and  bremsstrahlung radiation which are the source of thermal emission and, on the other side, cyclotron, gyrosynchrotron, and synchrotron emission, which are linked to the spiraling of charged particles in a magnetic field and considered as nonthermal processes. Note that we do not consider in this entry  spectral line emission, which results from quantum transitions between energy levels of an atom, molecule, or ion.

Overview

Since the quasi-unique source of information on celestial objects is...

Keywords

Radiation Electromagnetic radiation Radiative transfer Blackbody Free-free Photon 
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References and Further Reading

  1. Gary DE (nd) Radio emission mechanisms. http://web.njit.edu/∼gary/728/Lecture2.html
  2. Goody R, Yung YL (1989) Atmospheric radiation. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Harwit M (1988) Astrophysical concepts. Springer, New YorkCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. Mihalas D (1978) Stellar atmospheres. Freedman, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  5. Rybicki GB, Lightman AP (1979) Radiative process in astrophysics. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Scheffler H, Elsässer H (1987) Physics of the galaxy and interstellar matter. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Shu FH (1991) The physics of astrophysics 1: radiation. University Science, Mill ValleyGoogle Scholar
  8. Spitzer L (1978) Physical processes in the interstellar medium. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LESIA, Observatoire Paris-Site de MeudonMeudonFrance