Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Onchocerciasis Transmission

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_4789

Onchocerciasis in savannah zones has a generally more severe impact on humans than on the population in the forest, although there the vector flies transmit more infectious larvae than the flies in the savannah. Recent comparative studies showed that either a multiplicity of factors contribute to the observed different disease levels or that many parasite strains exist showing contradictory transmission rates.

Further Reading

  1. Cheke RA, Gams R (2013) Indices of onchocerciasis transmission by different members of the Simulium damnosum complex conflict with the paradigm of forest and savannah parasite strains. Actatropica 125:43–52Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany