Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn


  • Heinz MehlhornEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_4706
Group of cytokines, which are essential elements of the immune system:

Interleukin-2 (IL-2)

It is an essential mitogen and T-cell growth factor.

Interleukin-6 (IL-6)

This acts as inflammatory cytokine and pyrogen promoting IL-17 expression by T-cells, B-cell activation, and activity of phagocytes

Interleukin-10 (IL-10)

This is a regulatory cytokine that suppresses APC activation, which reduces indirectly potent T-cell responses

Interleukin-17 (IL-17)

This is an inflammatory cytokine promoting activation and differentiation of phagocytes and neutrophils

Interleukin-27 (IL-27)

This is a regulatory cytokine suppressing the activation and proliferation of the IL-17, expressing T-cells but promoting the formation of IL-10-expressing T-cells

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Further Reading

  1. Butler NS et al (2013) Regulation of immunopathogenesis during Plasmodium and Toxoplasma infections. Trends Parasitol 29:593–602CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und Parasitologie, Heinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany