Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_2279


Order of  Mastigophora.

General Information

These flagellates exclusively inhabit the intestine of wood-feeding insects (apparently supporting their digestion); they are uninuclear and usually have 3 free  flagella and a recurrent one that is inserted laterally at the apical pole. They are characterized by the occurrence of an  axostyle, which consists of many rows of microtubules and thus differs from that of the trichomonadida, where only a single row is formed ( Trichomonadida, Fig. 1). Due to bridges between the microtubules, a gliding effect is possible, leading to a regular bending of the axostyle; this ultimately produces the cellular movement. Transmission occurs in some species via fecally passed cysts.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016