Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Orthomyxoviridae

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_2256

Classification

Family of RNA viruses containing viruses transmitted by arthropods ( Arboviruses).

General Information

Negative-sense single-stranded segmented segmented RNA viruses (spherical, with envelope).

Important Species

Table 1.
Orthomyxoviridae, Table 1

Arboviruses VI. Negative sense, single-stranded segmented RNA viruses: Family Orthomyxoviridae, Genus Thogotovirus

Group (no. of members)

Species (selected)

Arthropod host

(Main) vertebrate hosts

Distribution

Disease in man

Disease in animals

Thogoto (1)

Thogoto

Ixodidae

 

Europe

Africa

Fever, neurological disorders

 

Dhori (3)

Dhori

Ixodidae

 

Europe

Africa

Fever, encephalitis

 

Bourbon

Ixodidae

 

North America

Hemorrhagic fever

 

Batken

Ixodidae

 

Asia

  

Quaranja (4)

Quaranfil

Argasidae (?)

?

South America

  

Johnston Atoll

Ixodidae (Ornithodoros ?)

Water birds ?

Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii

  

Lake Chad

?

?

Nigeria

  

Source: Arrigo NC, Weaver SC, Calisher CH. The taxonomy of arboviruses. In: Vasilakis N, Gubler D (eds) Arboviruses: molecular biology, evolution and control. Caister Academic Press, Norfolk, pp 9–29.

International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) (www.ictvonline.org).

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016