Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Ixodidiosis

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_1640
Disease due to infestation with ixodid  ticks, see Tables 1, 2, and 3.
Ixodidiosis, Table 1

One host ticks and control measurements

Parasite

Host

Vector for

Symptoms

Country

Therapy

Products

Application

Compounds

Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Cattle fever tick)

Cattle

Babesia bigemina (Red Water Disease), Anaplasmosis

Blood loss, local dermatitis

Africa, Australia, Asia, Central and South America

Acatak (Novartis)

Pour on

Fluazuron

Bovitraz (Bayer)

Spray/Dip

Amitraz

Cydectin (Zoetis)

Long acting injection

Moxidectin

Dectomax (Zoetis)

Long acting injection/Pour on

Doramectin

Drastic Deadline extreme (Bayer)

Pour on

Flumethrin + Fluazuron

Ivomec (Merial)

Pour on

Ivermectin

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Topline (Merial)

Pour on/Spray

Fipronil

Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus

Cattle

Babesia bigemina (Red Water Disease), Anaplasmosis, Spirochetosis

Bayticol (Bayer)

Pour on

Flumethrin

Dectomax (Zoetis)

Long acting injection/Pour on

Doramectin

Drastic Deadline extreme (Bayer)

Pour on

Flumethrin + Fluazuron

Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus (Southern cattle fever tick)

Cattle

Babesia bigemina (Red Water Disease), Anaplasmosis, Spirochetosis

Asuntol (Bayer)

Powder/Liquid

Coumaphos

Ivomec (Merial)

SR Bolus

Ivermectin

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) calceratus

Cattle

Babesia bigemina (Red Water Disease), Theileriosis

Ixodidiosis, Table 2

Two host ticks and control measurements

Parasite

Host

Vector for

Symptoms

Country

Therapy

Products

Application

Compounds

Hyalomma aegyptium

Ruminants

Theileria annulata (tropic theileriosis), Rickettsiosis

Blood loss, local dermatitis

Africa, Asia, South Europe

Bayticol (Bayer)

Pour on

Flumethrin

Hyalomma marginatum

Ruminants

Theileria annulata (tropic theileriosis), Rickettsiosis

 

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Hyalomma transiens

Ruminants

Sweating sickness

Africa

   

Rhipicephalus evertsi

Ruminants

Babesia bigemina (Red Water Disease), Anaplasmosis

Africa, Florida

   
Ixodidiosis, Table 3

Three host ticks and control measurements

Parasite

Host

Vector for

Symptoms

Country

Therapy

Products

Application

Compounds

Ixodes ricinus

Dog, cat, man

Tick borne encephalitis, Babesiosis, Lyme disease

Blood loss, local dermatitis

Central Europe, Northern Africa

Activyl tick plus (MSD)

Spot on

Indoxacarb + Permethrin

Advantix/II (Bayer)

Spot on

Permethrin + Imidacloprid + (Pyriproxyfen)

Bravecto (MSD)

Tablet

Fluralaner

Certifect (Merial)

Spot on

Fipronil + (S)-methoprene + Amitraz

Exspot (MSD)

Spot on

Permethrin

Frontine plus (Merial)

Spot on

Fipronil + (S)-methoprene

Nexgard (Merial)

Chewable tablet

Afoxolaner

Prac-tic (Novartis)

Spot on

Pyriprole

Scalibor (MSD)

Collar

Deltamethrin

Seresto (Bayer)

Long protection collar

Imidacloprid + Flumethrin

Vectra 3D (Ceva)

Spot on

Dinotefuran + Permethrin + Pyriproxyfen

Ixodes ricinus (continuation)

Cattle, horse, pig

Trypanosoma theileri, Babesia bovis, Babesia divergens, Babesia motasi (Northern countries), Louping ill virus, tick-borne encephalitis, Borrelia burgdorferi, Tettnang virus, Swiss rickettsia, Dipetalonema larvae, Ehrlichia phagocytophila (Rickettsiosis)

Blood loss, local dermatitis

Central Europe, Northern Africa

Bayticol (Bayer)

Pour on

Flumethrin

Ixodes hexagonus

Dog, cat

 

Blood loss, local

Central

See list Ixodes ricinus

  

Ixodes canisuga

Fox, dog

 

Dermatitis

Europe

   

Ixodes pilosus

Ruminants

 

Blood loss, local dermatitis, tick paralysis

South Africa

   

Ixodes rubicundus

Ruminants

  

South Africa

   

Ixodes scapularis (Black-legged tick)

Ruminants, dog, cat, man

Anaplasmosis, Ehrlichiosis (human granulocytic ehrlichiosis), Borrelia burgdorferi, Babesia microti

 

North America

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Certifect (Merial)

Spot on

Fipronil + (S)-methoprene + Amitraz

Prac-tic (Novartis)

Spot on

Pyriprole

Ixodes holocyclus

Dog, cattle, man

 

Tick paralysis

Australia

Bayticol (Bayer)

Pour on

Flumethrin

Scalibor (MSD)

Collar

Deltamethrin

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Haemaphysalis concinna

Dog, cat

 

Blood loss, local dermatitis

Central Europe

   

Haemaphysalis punctata

Cattle, horse

Babesia major, Babesia motasi, Q fever

 

Asia, Africa, Europe

   

Haemaphysalis cinnabarina

Ruminants

Babesiosis, Anaplasmosis, Q fever (Coxiella burnetii)

Blood loss, local dermatitis

Asia, Africa, Europe

   

Haemaphysalis otophila

Ruminants

Babesia motasi

 

Asia, Africa (not Egypt), Europe

   

Dermacentor marginatus

Dog, cattle, horse, man

Babesia canis, Babesia ovis, Babesia bovis, Babesia caballi, Babesia equi, Theileria ovis, Anaplasma ovis, Q fever (Coxiella burnetii), Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)

 

Central Europe, China, Iran, Northern Afghanistan

   

Dermacentor reticulatus

Cattle, dog, sheep, horse

Babesia divergens

 

Europe, China

Advantix/II (Bayer)

Spot on

Permethrin + Imidacloprid + (Pyriproxyfen)

Bravecto (MSD)

Tablet

Fluralaner

Certifect (Merial)

Spot on

Fipronil + (S)-methoprene + Amitraz

Nexgard (Merial)

Chewable tablet

Afoxolaner

Prac-tic (Novartis)

Spot on

Pyriprole

Seresto (Bayer)

Long protection collar

Imidacloprid + Flumethrin

Vectra 3D (Ceva)

Spot on

Dinotefuran + Permethrin + Pyriproxyfen

Dermacentor pictus

Dog

  

Central Europe

Advantix (Bayer)

Spot on

Permethrin + Imidacloprid

Prac-tic (Novartis)

Spot on

Pyriprole

Dermacentor albipictus (Winter or Moose tick)

Ruminants

Anaplasmosis, Phantom moose disease (Canada), Colorado tick fever virus

 

North America, Mexico

Bayticol (Bayer)

Pour on

Flumethrin

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Dermacentor andersoni (Rocky Mountain wood tick)

Ruminants, man

Colorado tick fever virus, Powassan virus, Anaplasma marginale, Anaplasma ovis, Tularemia (Francisella tularensis), Q fever (Coxiella burnetii), Rocky Mountain spotted fever (Rickettsia rickettsii)

Blood loss, local dermatitis, tick paralysis

North and Central America

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)

Ruminants, dog, cat, man

Rickettsia rickettsii (Rocky Mountain spotted fever), Sawgrass virus, Anaplasma marginale

 

North and Central America

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Bravecto (MSD)

Tablet

Fluralaner

Certifect (Merial)

Spot on

Fipronil + (S)-methoprene + Amitraz

Frontine plus (Merial)

Spot on

Fipronil + (S)-methoprene

Prac-tic (Novartis)

Spot on

Pyriprole

Revolution (Zoetis)

Spot on

Selamectin

Hyalomma mauritanicum

Ruminants, man

Theileriosis, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus

Blood loss, local dermatitis

Africa

   

Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Brown dog tick or Kennel tick)

Dogs, cats

Babesia canis, Ehrlichia canis, Rickettsia rhipicephali, Rickettsia conorii, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Thogotovirus

Blood loss, local dermatitis

Mediterranean (area) (Africa, South Europe), can be established in buildings worldwide

Activyl tick plus (MSD)

Spot on

Indoxacarb + Permethrin

Advantix/II (Bayer)

Spot on

Permethrin + Imidacloprid + (Pyriproxyfen)

Bravecto (MSD)

Tablet

Fluralaner

Certifect (Merial)

Spot on

Fipronil + (S)-methoprene + Amitraz

Exspot (MSD)

Spot on

Permethrin

Frontline plus (Merial)

Spot on

Fipronil + (S)-Methoprene

Nexgard (Merial)

Chewable tablet

Afoxolaner

Prac-tic (Novartis)

Spot on

Pyriprole

Scalibor (MSD)

Collar

Deltamethrin

Seresto (Bayer)

Long protection collar

Imidacloprid + Flumethrin

Vectra 3D (Ceva)

Spot on

Dinotefuran + Permethrin + Pyriproxyfen

Rhipicephalus bursa

Cattle, sheep, goat

Babesia ovis, Babesia motasi, Theileria ovis, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus

Blood loss, local dermatitis, ovine paralysis

Africa, South Europe

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Brown ear tick)

Ruminants

Theileria parva (East Coast Fever), Theileria parva lawrencei (Corridor disease), Nairobi sheep disease virus, Theileria taurotragi, Ehrlichia bovis, Rickettsia conori, Thogotovirus

Blood loss, local dermatitis, fatal toxemia (in susceptible cattle, severe ear damage)

Africa, South Europe

Cypertraz (Ceva)

Pour on

Cypermethrin + Amitraz

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Rhipicephalus capensis

Ruminants

 

Blood loss, local dermatitis

Africa, South Europe

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Rhipicephalus zambeziensis

Ruminants

Theileria parva lawrencei (Corridor disease)

 

Africa

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Amblyomma americanum (Lone star tick)

Ruminants, dog, man

Ehrlichia chaffeensis (Human monocytic ehrlichiosis), Tularemia (Francisella tularensis), Q fever (Coxiella burnetii), Rickettsia rickettsii (Rocky Mountain spotted fever), Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi)

Blood loss, local dermatitis, tick paralysis

America

Commando Insecticide Cattle (Fermenta)

Ear tag

Ethion

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Certifect (Merial)

Spot on

Fipronil + (S)-methoprene + Amitraz

Prac-tic (Novartis)

Spot on

Pyriprole

Amblyomma variegatum (Tropical African bont tick)

Ruminants

Q fever (Coxiella burnetii)

Blood loss, local dermatitis, tick paralysis

Africa

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Amblyomma maculatum (Gulf Coast tick)

Ruminants, dog, cat

Q fever (Coxiella burnetii)

 

America

Bayticol (Bayer)

Pour on

Flumethrin

Certifect (Merial)

Spot on

Fipronil + (S)-methoprene + Amitraz

Commando Insecticide Cattle(Fermenta)

Ear tag

Ethion

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

Amblyomma hebraeum (Southern African bont tick)

Ruminants, man

Rickettsia conorii (tick typhus), Cowdria ruminantium

 

Africa

Bovitraz EC (Bayer)

Spray

Amitraz

Amblyomma cajennense (Cayenne tick)

Ruminants, man (larvae: seed ticks)

Rickettsia rickettsii (Rocky Mountain spotted fever)

 

America

Bayticol plus(Bayer)

Pour on

Flumethrin + Cyfluthrin

Bovitraz EC (Bayer)

Spray

Amitraz

Taktic (MSD)

Spray or Dip

Amitraz

For further species, see  Tick Bites: Effects in Animals.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany