Recogition, Identity, and Difference

  • Arto LaitinenEmail author
  • Onni Hirvonen
Living reference work entry
Part of the Springer Reference Geisteswissenschaften book series (SPREFGEIST)


This entry discusses three forms of politics of recognition: politics of universalism, affirmative identity politics, and deconstructive politics of difference. It examines the constitutive, causally formative, and normative role that recognition has for the relevant senses of universal standing, particular identity, and difference in these approaches.


Recognition Identity Difference Universalism New social movements 


  1. Adorno, Theodor W. 1966. Negative Dialektik. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  2. Althusser, Louis. 1970. Ideology and ideological state apparatuses. In Unstruct and philosophy and other essays. London: New Left Books.Google Scholar
  3. Appiah, Anthony. 1994. Identity, authenticity, survival: Multicultural societies and social reproduction. In Multiculturalism: Examining the politics of recognition, Ed. Amy Gutmann, 149–164. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Benhabib, Seyla. 2002. The claims of culture: Equality and diversity in the global era. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brandom, Robert B. 2007. The structure of desire and recognition. Self-consciousness and self-constitution. Philosophy & Social Criticism 33(1): 127–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Butler, Judith. 1990. Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Butler, Judith. 1997. The psychic life of power: Theories in subjection. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Butler, Judith. 2004. Undoing gender. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Connolly, William. 2002. Identity\difference: Democratic negotiations of political paradox. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  10. Darwall, Stephen. 1977. Two kinds of respect. Ethics 88(1): 36–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Deleuze, Gilles. 1994. Difference and repetition. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Deranty, Jean-Philippe and Emmanuel Renault. 2007. Politicizing Honneth’s Ethics of Recognition. Thesis Eleven 88 (1): 92–111.Google Scholar
  13. Fraser, Nancy. 1997. Justice interruptus: Critical reflections on the “post-socialist” condition. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Fraser, Nancy. 2013. Fortunes of feminism: From state-managed capitalism to neoliberal crisis. London and New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  15. Fraser, Nancy, and Axel Honneth. 2003. Redistribution or recognition? A political-philosophical exchange. New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  16. Habermas, Jürgen. 1985. The philosophical discourse of modernity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  17. Hegel, G. W. F. 2010. The science of logic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Honneth, Axel. 1992. The struggle for recognition: The moral grammar of social conflicts. Trans. Joel Anderson. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  19. Ikäheimo, Heikki. 2014. Anerkennung. Berlin: De Gruyter.Google Scholar
  20. Ikäheimo, Heikki, et al. 2020. The ambivalences of recognition. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Jaworska, Agnieszka and Julie Tannenbaum. 2018. “The grounds of moral status”. In The stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Spring 2018 Edition), Ed. Edward N. Zalta.
  22. Jones, Peter. 2006. Toleration, recognition and identity. Journal of Political Philosophy 14(2): 123–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Laitinen, Arto. 2007. Sorting out aspects of personhood: Capacities, normativity and recognition. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14(5–6): 248–270.Google Scholar
  24. Markell, Patchen. 2003. Bound by recognition. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  25. McBride, Cillian. 2013. Recognition. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  26. McNay, Lois. 2008. Against recognition. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  27. Phillips, Anne. 2007. Multiculturalism without culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Pippin, Robert. 2008. Hegel’s practical philosophy: Rational agency as ethical life. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rawls, John. 1972. A theory of justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Renault, Emmanuel. 2017. Social suffering. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  31. Ricoeur, Paul. 1992. Oneself as another. Trans. by Kathleen Blamey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  32. Schechtman, Marya. 2007. The constitution of selves. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Taylor, Charles. 1992. The politics of recognition. In Multiculturalism: Examining the politics of recognition, Ed. Amy Gutmann, 25–73. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Taylor, Charles. 2007. A secular age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Young, Iris Marion. 1990. Justice and the politics of difference. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Young, Iris Marion. 2000. Inclusion and democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tampere UniversityTampereFinland
  2. 2.Department of Social Sciences and PhilosophyUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland

Personalised recommendations