Alienation and Reification

  • John Philip ChristmanEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the Springer Reference Geisteswissenschaften book series (SPREFGEIST)


This entry analyzes the concept of alienation, in the Marxian critical tradition and from the perspective of social psychology and philosophy. The related idea of reification is also unpacked. It then briefly discusses recent attempts to tie reification with recognition. Conceptual and normative challenges are also outlined which face any attempt to use these concepts as a fulcrum for social criticism of modern pluralistic social forms.


Appropriation Estrangement Honneth Jaeggi Marx Self 


  1. Blauner, Robert. 1967. Alienation and freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  2. Brudney, Daniel. 2009. Marx’s attempt to leave philosophy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Forst, Rainer. 2017. Noumenal alienation: Rousseau, Kant and Marx on the dialectics of self-determination. Kantian Review 22: 523–551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fromm, Erich. 1961. Marx’s concept of man. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  5. Giddens, Anthony, and Philip W. Sutton. 1988. Essential concepts in sociology. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell.Google Scholar
  6. Honneth, Axel. 2012. Reification: A new look at an old idea. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Jaeggi, Rahel. 2014. Alienation. (trans: Neuhouser, Frederick and Smith, Alan E). New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Kalekin-Fishman, Devorah, and Lauren Langman. 2015. Alienation: The critique that refuses to disappear. Current Sociology Review 63(6): 916–933.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Marcuse, Herbert. 1964. One-demensional man: Studies in the ideology of advanced industrial society. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. McLennan, David. 1977. Karl Marx: Selected writings. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Quante, Michael. 2011. Recognition as the social grammar of species being in Marx. In Recognition and social ontology, ed. H. Ikaheimo and A. Laitinen, 239–267. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  12. Schacht, Richard. 1970. Alienation. London: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
  13. TenHouten, Warren D. 2017. Alienation and affect. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Wendling, Amy. 2009. Karl Marx on technology and alienation. New York: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of the Liberal ArtsThe Pennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA

Personalised recommendations