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Angeborene Herz- und Gefäßanomalien: Epidemiologie und Ätiologie

  • J. BreuerEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the Springer Reference Medizin book series (SRM)

Zusammenfassung

Acht bis zehn von 1000 lebend geborenen Kindern haben eine angeborene Herz- oder Gefäßanomalie. Hierbei sind der offene Ductus arteriosus des Frühgeborenen sowie im Kindesalter oft nicht auffallende, aber durchaus häufige Anomalien wie die bikuspide Aortenklappe, der Mitralklappenprolaps, asymptomatische Aortenbogenanomalien und eine persistierende linke V. cava superior nicht mitgerechnet. Bei 2–3 von 1000 Neugeborenen ist die Anomalie so schwer, dass sie bereits im Säuglingsalter Symptome verursacht und einer Behandlung bedarf. Die Prävalenz angeborener Herz- und Gefäßanomalien bei Spontanaborten bzw. Totgeburten ist mit ca. 15 % bzw. 3–4 % erheblich höher als bei lebendgeborenen Kindern.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abt. für KinderkardiologieUniversitätsklinikum Bonn, Zentrum für KinderheilkundeBonnDeutschland

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