Turbulence Theory

  • Steffen SchönEmail author
  • Gaël Kermarrec
Reference work entry


The word turbulence comes from late Latin “turbulentia” which means “full of commention.” It is defined as a “violent or unsteady movement of air or water, or of some other fluid” (Oxford Dictionary of English 2010). Thus, it is a process that dissipates or mixes. The antonyms are unity or homogeneity: they help us to understand more clearly what turbulence concretely means – turbulence mixes and disperses the medium in which it develops, and then it disappears once homogeneity returns.


Structure Function Separation Distance Spectral Density Function Allan Variance Wavelet Variance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank FK Brunner for his introduction into turbulence theory. The stay at his institute at TU Graz, Austria, was funded by a Feodor Lynen Fellowship of Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, which is gratefully acknowledged. The first author thanks Dr. Markus Vennbusch for fruitful discussions and new development at IfE Hannover. The German Research Foundation (DFG) is thanked for the financial support to study the subject in the projects SCHO1314/1-1, 1-2 as well as SCHO1314/3-1.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Erdmessung, Leibniz Universität HannoverHannoverGermany

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