Manual Assembly

  • Terje K. Lien
Living reference work entry



Assembly in industrial contexts is the act of putting together components to form a product that consists of more than one part. Assembly is one of the essential elements in manufacturing systems since almost industrial products consist of several parts or component.

The Oxford dictionary defines assembly in the manufacturing context as “The action of fitting together the component parts of a machine or other object” (Oxford dictionary).

Manual assembly covers all operations where the main part of the operation is carried out manually. Some suboperations may be executed by machines like handheld electrical screwdrivers or similar. As long as the overall speed of operation is determined by then manual effort and the major part of all suboperations are manual, the whole assembly operation is classified as manual.

Single piece products do often need packaging which in a way is assembly, i.e., assembling the product and its wrapping. Although...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringNTNU – Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

Section editors and affiliations

  • Joerg Krueger
    • 1
  1. 1.IWFTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany