CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

Living Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Sami Chatti, Tullio Tolio


  • Stefan SengeEmail author
  • Gerhard Hirt
Living reference work entry

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Rolling is a process used to change the geometry of the produced material. Usually the cross section is reduced, and, as a result, the length increases.

Theory and Application


The majority of all metals will undergo a rolling process during the production chain from metal casting to the final product, e.g., strips, blanks, profiles, etc. The respective rolling processes may be used to define the product geometry, material properties, or functional surface properties.

The main goals of flat rolling processes are the reduction of the cross section accompanied by the enlargement of the rolling stock length and the defined adjustment of material properties (e.g., yield strength or surface property) (Groover and Tonkay 2007).

A variety of rolling processes exists that lead to different final geometries and material properties. A brief overview of the most important rolling...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Bildsame Formgebung (ibf)AachenGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Bernd-Arno Behrens
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Forming Technology and Machines (IFUM)Leibniz Universität Hannover (LUH)GarbsenGermany