Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso


  • William M. IrvineEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_5327-1



AbGradE is an independent association, initiated by the European Astrobiology Network Association (EANA), which promotes scientific networking primarily among PhD students and postdoctoral researchers in Europe. A principal activity of AbGradE is organizing biennial symposia in astrobiology, with the first symposium taking place in Edinburgh in 2014 and the second in Athens in 2016. In the intervening years, 1 day workshops are organized, for example, on “mission proposal writing” in 2015 at the European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) in the Netherlands.


Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AstronomyUniversity of Massachusetts AmherstAmherstUSA