Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

Living Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming


Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27771-9_45-4

Archetype is one of Jung’s tWho Owns Jungwo “signature concepts” according to the Jung scholar, Sonu Shamdasani, the other being the collective unconscious with which it is closely linked. Jung states that the collective unconscious is the part of the psyche that can be negatively distinguished from a personal unconscious as it does not owe its existence to personal experience. Whereas Jung’s notion of the personal unconscious consists for the most part of complexes, the content of the collective unconscious “is made up essentially of archetypes” (Jung 1959: 42).

Jung first used the term “archetype” in 1919 in Instinct and the Unconscious. In that paper, he claims there is good reason for supposing that archetypes are the unconscious images of the instincts themselves; in other words, they are “patterns of instinctual behaviour” (Jung 1959: 44). He goes on to say: “There are as many archetypes as there are typical situations in life” (Jung 1959: 48). In Jung’s model, unconsciousness...


Analytical Psychologist Original Italic Eternal Return Psychic System Noumenal World 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.British Jungian Analytic AssociationLondonUK