Radicalization is the process of making an individual or a group reject conventional/contemporary ideas for extreme social, religious, or political views and goals through exposure to extreme ideological information and belief system. Although some conceptualizations of radicalization equate it with violent extremism, radicalization can take violent or nonviolent forms. Radicalism is not necessarily negative or problematic except when it takes the form of violent actions toward achieving extreme aspirations. Thus, there is a distinction between a radical-a person who holds radical views and a violent radical-a person who seeks to actualize radical ideas through violence/terrorism. The causes, pathways, types, and objectives of radicalization vary. However, psychological and religious factors, which serve as tools for influencing people’s minds and changing what they think, feel, believe, and do, play significant roles in the process and manifestation of individual and group...
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