Encyclopedia of Pain

2007 Edition

Acupuncture-Like TENS

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-29805-2_60


The delivery of TENS to generate activity in small diameter Group III muscle afferents, leading to the release of opioid peptides in a similar manner to that suggested for acupuncture. TENS is administered using low frequency train (1–4 Hz) bursts (5–8 pulses at 100Hz) at a high, but non-painful, intensity to stimulate selectively large diameter muscle efferents. This results in a ‘strong but comfortable’ muscle twitch that elicits Group III muscle afferent activity.

 Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Outcomes

 Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) in Treatment of Muscle Pain

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007