Encyclopedia of Pain

2007 Edition


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-29805-2_278


Arousal is both a behavioral and an electroencephalographic response to a variety of strong stimuli, including painful ones. During arousal, there is a heightened level of conscious awareness.

 Spinothalamic Tract Neurons, Descending Control by Brainstem Neurons

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007