Encyclopedia of Pain

2007 Edition

Anger and Pain

  • Akiko Okifuji
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-29805-2_218

Synonyms

Frustration; hostility; Aggression; Acting-Out; Anger-In

Definition

Anger is an emotional experience involving cognitive appraisal and action tendency (Smedslund 1992). There have been numerous anecdotal reports since the early days of pain medicine, suggesting that anger may be an associated or resultant emotional experience of pain. There are several terms that are used interchangeably. For the purpose of clarification, in this chapter, the following definitions will be applied:

  • Frustration: Affective state that arises when one’s effort has been blocked, thwarted

  • Anger: Strong feeling of displeasure associated with cognitive appraisal that injustice has occurred and action tendency to remedy the perceived injustice

  • Hostility: Unfriendly attitudinal disposition with tendency to become angry

  • Aggression: Behavioral actualization of the action tendency associated with anger

Characteristics

Anger is a common emotional experience associated with pain, particularly chronic pain....

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akiko Okifuji
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyPsychology and Clinical PharmacyUniversity of UtahUT, USA