Encyclopedia of Pain

2007 Edition

Amide Anesthetic

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-29805-2_181


A member of one of the two major chemical classes of local anesthetics, differentiated by the intermediate chain linking a lipophilic group and an ionizable group (usually a tertiary amine). The pharmacologic class of agents comprised of lidocaine, bupivacaine, ropivacaine, mepivacaine, prilocaine and etidocaine.

The other major class is ester anesthetic.

 Acute Pain in Children, Post-Operative

 Drugs with Mixed Action and Combinations, Emphasis on Tramadol

 Postoperative Pain, Methadone

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007