Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Integrated Water Management to Meet Competing Demands in Agricultural and Other Sectors

  • Alfred OpereEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95675-6_77
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Definition

Water resource management is the business of planning, developing, distributing, and managing the optimum use of water resources. It takes into account all the competing demands for water and seeks to allocate water on an equitable basis to satisfy all uses and demands (UNESCO/WMO 1992).

Integrated water resource management (IWRM) is a process that promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land, and related resources in order to maximize economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems. IWRM seeks to manage water resources in a comprehensive and holistic way, taking account of the entire water cycle and the interests of all water users, while acknowledging the temporal and spatial variability in availability and the interactions with water quality and ecology (GWP 2000).

Introduction

Water is a scarce natural resource, essential for life and to carry out the vast majority of economic...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MeteorologyUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vincent Onguso Oeba
    • 1
  1. 1.African Forest Forum, C/o World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)NairobiKenya